Those who are involved in delivering capital construction projects, know that there are some kinds of relationships between the different business processes required to manage the delivery of those projects. The relationships between the different business processes are important as it helps project stakeholder to predict future outcomes based on today results or actions.
For example, it is almost a fact that there is always a relationship between the Contractor’s quality of work completed and inspected on-site and the extent of Non-Compliance Reports (NCR) issued to the contractor for works that do not comply with the specified quality requirements. The details of those two requirements are captured in the Work Inspection Request (WIR) and Non-Compliance Report (NCR) business processes.
The extent of this relationship can be better visualized and established by using correlation analysis which is a statistical measurement of the relationship between two variables. Possible correlations range from +1 to –1. A zero correlation indicates that there is no relationship between the variables. A correlation of –1 indicates a negative correlation between two variables means that the variables move in opposite directions. An increase in one variable leads to a decrease in the other variable and vice versa. On the other hand, a positive correlation between two variables means both the variables move in the same direction. An increase in one variable leads to an increase in the other variable and vice versa.Accordingly, if an organization has access to the data associated with the transactions for the Work Inspection Request (WIR) and Non-Compliance Report (NCR) business processes, then a correlation analysis can be established to identify the extent of this relationship. For example, the correlation chart below indicates that there is a perfect positive correlation relationship, 0.989, between and WIR and NCR.
Nevertheless, when entities and in particular Capital Project Owners use a Project Management Information System (PMIS) like PMWeb to digitize the hundred-plus business processes needed to manage the delivery of their projects, then they will automatically have access to a massive volume of clean, valid and trust-worthy data that can be used to identify all possible relationships between the different business processes. For example, the report below confirms the strong relationship between the Work Inspection Request (WIR) and Non-Compliance Report (NCR) business processes but at the same time, it also shows that there is no relationship between the Request for Information (RFI) business process and the Work Inspection Request (WIR) nor the Non-Compliance Report (NCR) business processes.
The advantage of correlation analysis and in particular when it has access to real-time data captured from the complete projects’ portfolio being managed by the entity, is that the correlation analysis can become more focused. For example, when all projects for all contractors were selected for the correlation analysis, the correlation relationship between Requests for Information (RFI) and Claim Notices was +0.368 which is although positive but not a very strong positive. Nevertheless, when reviewing the correlation analysis for Contractor A30000, the correlation relationship between RFIs and Claims jumps to +0.97. This could be an indication that this Contractor is a claim-oriented contractor that uses Requests for Information (RFI) as the ground for submitting Claim Notices. Although this might not be true, nevertheless, it gives the project owner team a valid alert to investigate this matter and understand what were the reasons behind the reported strong relationship.
The digitization of business processes in PMWeb will ensure that every single transaction for each business process along with its supportive documents and the details of all those individuals who has a role in the submit, review and approve tasks for the transaction are captured in real-time. Access to those business processes will be restricted to ensure that only authorized projects individuals can collaborate in executing those business processes regardless of where they are located and which entity they represent. The captured data will be automatically structured in the required format to ensure that is clean and valid for the correlation analysis.
This captured big data will be stored on a single PMWeb data source that can be filtered to select specific contractors, projects and even business processes to be analyzed. In addition, it will help in identifying relationships between different business processes that were never considered before. Of course, the larger the data volume will become, the better and more meaningful correlation analysis will become available. The correlation analysis is one of the algorithms needed to train Machine Learning (ML) so it can be of value for Artificial Intelligence (AI) platforms.